Myanmar has been undergoing a rapid political transition and started the development path experienced by other countries in the region. Yet, the majority of its population lives in rural communities, and nearly three-quarters of them remain in poverty. Natural disasters and prolonged conflicts affected livelihoods and food security of the poor and the displaced. With FAO support, marginalized fishing communities learned to safeguard their fishing rights and become economically viable. Community forest producers established an effective national organization, leading to the marketing of their products with forest product companies. The innovative use of drones in geo-mapping allowed better identification of disaster-affected and disaster-prone areas, and improved assistance to affected population. Building on these successful initiatives, FAO should increase its strategic and integrated support to the country, linking upstream and downstream aspects, and building long-term resilience.